Earth is a planet like no other. It carries in it the beauty of
CHAOS IN CAMEROONIAN
How Industrial Twin
Trawling And Shark Fin Fishing Is Devastating A Nation.
Twin Fishing is a highly controversial fishing practice and
it is becoming more common in Cameroonian coastal waters, especially in the
shallower coastal section, thus competing with artisanal fisheries; it involves
two fishing vessels pulling the same trawl. They are separated by a long
distance (300m to 500 m) and drive the fish towards the trawl with their drag,
propeller noise and warps vibration. This method of fishing, observed in Limbé
makes it difficult to implement sustainable management scheme of resources. As
vessels are small, they can exploit shallow waters (2m-6 m) near the coast line.
The trawl opening is practically from the bottom to the surface (floats are
above the water while the codend sweeps the bottom). In this way benthic,
demersal and pelagic species may all be caught together. The meshes of the
trawls are of small sizes which does not
spare juvenile fish. This fishing
system is commonly called "sweeping nets”.
There is also shark Fin Fishing. Since sharks are delicacies in Asia. They are caught and their fins cut off. The carcasses are later thrown back into the seas. They die and decompose thereby causing untold damage to marine ecology.
nomic and Environmental Impact of Twin Trawling and Shark Fin Fishing in
nomic and Environmental Impact of Twin Trawling and Shark Fin Fishing in Cameroonian waters.
On the economic front artisanal fishermen dependent on fishing from the
seas in Limbe, Idenau, Wovia, Bimbia and Ndian suffer incredibly from over
fishing in the high seas. They are unable to get enough fish to meet the local
demand. This has caused fish prices to plummet incredibly over the pass few
months. Fish prices have tripled in the last five months. However the high
prices haven’t translated to higher incomes for fishermen as they can’t get
enough fish to meet the desperate local demand. This is causing unprecedented
poverty to local fishermen.
Fishing generates approximately 89 mn Frs CFA monthly, however this
figures have reduced drastically to just over 30 mn frs Monthly and it is relating
to so many other aspects of the economies of many coastal towns in the country.
Certain fish species such as Barracuda are so scarce and expensive that locals
can hardly afford.
On the Environmental side of the issue, it is no news how much the marine
food chain is obstructed when you take sharks out of the mix. Biological
pollution from the dumping of fish carcass back into the seas is killing other
species. There are hardly any accurate means of calculating fish numbers in the
Cameroonian waters however latest surveys show catches have dropped more than
50% over the last 1 year.
the Government Is Doing
government of Cameroon has been slow to respond to the anguish of its citizens,
despite several calls from civil society organisations and the population the
government stayed silent and refused to respond. Only after questions where
raised about the government role in the illegal sea trading did the minister of
Livestock, Fisheries and Animal industries sent a letter demanding an end to the
fishing activities of the FINI Group (one of the main fishing license holders in
Despite all this there has been little change or improvement in the way
in which fishing is being practiced in the region. With the government reluctant
to engage this Chinese the fight has been pushed to fishermen and civil society
* The second shows a
woman complaining about unavailability of fish and the size of fishing net used
* The last group show
carcass deposited on shores, idle fishing boats and idle artisanal fishermen
playing cards because of lack of work.
* Newspaper showing government band on twin trawling.
Ndenge Godden Zama & Ayuk Raphael
African Centre for Research, Development and Climate Change.
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Godden Zama.. All rights reserved.
This page was created for Universal Love ©2008 with the kind permission of Nnedge Godden Zama.. All rights reserved.